Infertility Treatments in India
Infertility treatment refers to the medication followed in order to help those having problems bearing a child. So, artificial medical assistance is taken to aid them in the process. Since Fertility Treatment is used to cure conditions of infertility in patients, it is also referred to as ‘Infertility Treatment’ (Fertility Treatment) or the treatment to treat infertility. This kind of artificial medical assistance to aid reproductive functions is increasingly becoming popular day by day.
What is infertility ?
Infertility refers to the inability to naturally conceive a child. It is a problem where a couple faces problems in conceiving, after a year of regular sexual intercourse without using any birth control methods. This problem may be in either man or woman, or both. It also refers to a condition of a woman when she is unable to carry a pregnancy to its full term.
Causes of Infertility
In a normal reproduction process proper interaction between the female and male reproductive system is required. Following are the causes of infertility (both men and women):
- Sperm causes
- Ovulation problems
- Tubal causes
- Age-related factors
- Unexplained infertility
Types of Infertility
Following are the types of Infertility:
Primary Infertility: – It is that condition where a couple has not conceived a pregnancy after at least a year of unprotected intercourse.
Secondary Infertility: – It is a condition where the couple has conceived or carried a pregnancy to term after naturally successfully conceiving one or more children.
Sub-fertility: – Here infertility that is complete, that is, there are chances of pregnancy, but these chances get reduced each month. It is a state of a less than normal capacity for reproduction
Male Infertility: – It is a condition of infertility in males that refers to the absence of healthy sperms in the semen in order to meet ovum
Female Infertility: – It is a state of infertility in females. It is important that all the reproductive organs in a female are in a perfect shape
Following tests are done according to the doctor’s advice:
- Serum FSH
- Serum LH
- Serum PRL
- Serum TSH
The other procedures are:
HSG (Hysterosalpingogram): Here an X-ray picture of the uterus (Hystero) and Fallopian tubes (Salpingo) is taken.Trans-vaginal Ultra Sonogram: Undertaken for checking any abnormalities in the uterus, tubes and ovaries.
Laproscopic Hysteroscopy: Done to look into the interior aspects of the uterus with an endoscope.
Laparoscopy: Done for visualization of the peritoneal cavity using an endoscope.
Depending on the results, the course of treatment is decided.
Infertility treatments are known as Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), which are formulated for increasing the number of eggs or sperm, bringing them together, and improving the chances of pregnancy. These treatments depend on the nature of the problem.
Infertility Treatment Options
It is considered when the female has irregular ovulation. Medication is started for regulating the ovulation cycle and improving the egg quality. Commonly used are Clomiphene Citrate, HMG, purified and recombinant FSH.
Infertility and Treatment
IUI (Intra Uterine Insemination): A method where processed semen is placed directly in the uterus with the help of a catheter.
IVF (Invitro Fertilization): IVF is the fertilization of an ovum outside the body and then transferringe fertilized ovum (embryo) into the uterus.
ICSI (Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection): In this process, a single sperm is injected into the cytoplasm of an egg for fertilization.
TESA (Testicular Sperm Aspiration): A surgical sperm harvesting technique.
Embryo Freezing Excess (Surplus): Embryos are Cryo-preserved at ultra low temperatures for years to be used subsequently.
Assisted Hatching: A process of promoting hatching or implantation of embryos, unable to escape intact from the zona pellucida.
Semen/Sperm freezing: Semen/Sperm are stored frozen at ultra low temperatures for long duration, useful in various conditions.
Cost of Infertility Treatments in India
Choose Infertility Treatment in India through Angel Medicare as then otherwise costly procedure will prove to be quite affordable for you with a success rate of 30 to 45 percent (depends on the condition of the individual).
We can arrange for opinions from various super speciality hospitals before doctor’s consultations from the expert Doctors of our connected hospitals.