Urology Treatments in India
What is Urology?
The surgical specialty that mainly concentrates on the diseases of the female and male urinary tracts along with male reproductive organs is known as urology. An urologist is required to study gynecology, pediatrics, internal medicine and other specialties as there could be many clinical problems associated. The urinary tract in women opens in vulva while the urinary system in men overlaps with the reproductive system. In both men and women, the reproductive and urinary tracts are very close to each other and any disorder in one can also affect the other. This surgical specialty (urology) combines management of surgical problems like the correction of congenital abnormalities, cancers and also correcting stress incontinence, as well as non-surgical problems like benign prostatic hyperplasia and urinary tract infections. Urology also sometimes related to some medical fields such as gynecology, pediatric surgery, oncology, endocrinology, nephrology, gastroenterology and andrology.
It is primarily concerned with the surgical treatment of malignant genitourinary diseases such as adrenal glands, testicles, kidneys, cancer of the prostate, bladder, penis, testicles and ureters. An oncologist or a urologist manages the advance stage of genitourinary cancer that depends upon the cancer.
There are various kinds of joint replacement surgeries:
- Pediatric Urology.
- Female Urology.
The common urology procedures include :–
- Bladder surgery
- Renal (Kidney) surgery
- Surgery to the penis
- Kidney removal (nephrectomy)
- Urethra surgery
- Surgery of the ureters such as removal of calculus in the ureters or ureterolithotomy
- Testicular surgery
- Removal of the prostate or prostatic surgery
- Pelvic lymph node dissection
When non-surgical treatments and medication are unable to relieve symptoms, then surgery is recommended for treating urologic condition. Some of the conditions are kidney or bladder cancer, prostate cancer, vesicoureteral reflux and ureteropelvic junction (UPJ). There are many less invasive surgical procedures are available for those people who are going through urologic surgery. Laparoscopy is the most common less invasive surgery. This surgery is performed by making several small incisions and it also makes use of long-handled surgical instruments along with a guided camera.